Lute Linux

Installation and Configuration

Installing LuteLinux Lite

LuteLinux should be installed from the floppy drive. Before installing LuteLinux, you must make a boot and a root floppy disk.

Creating a Boot Disk

You must have 2 pre-formatted floppy disks prior to Step 1. Label the disks Boot Disk and Root Disk. To create these two disks, follow these steps:

Place the Boot Disk in the floppy drive.

Start the MS-DOS prompt from Windows (Start, Programs, MS-DOS Prompt)

Type the drive letter of the CD-ROM drive followed by a colon. (usually D:)

You want to copy the boot image in this directory to the floppy drive. Instead of using the DOS copy command; you use the rawrite command. Type \makeboot and press the Enter key. This copies the boot image from the CD-ROM to the floppy disk.

Creating a root floppy disk

You need to copy the root image from the CD-ROM to the floppy drive. Take the boot disk from the floppy drive and insert the root disk.
Type makeroot and press the Enter key. This copies the root image from the CD-ROM to the floppy disk.

Re-insert the boot disk in the floppy drive and re-start your system.

When the boot process is finished (it loads the boot process into RAM) you will be prompted to insert the root floppy disk. Swap the two disks and press the Enter key. This loads the information for the root into RAM. When this process is finished, you will be prompted to start the LuteLinux installation procedure.

1. At the prompt, type root and press Enter.
2. Type Install and press the Enter key.
3. The first screen you will see is a Welcome to LuteLinux Installation procedure screen. Press the F1 key at any time to display additional help. You should have filled out your pre-install checklist prior to step 2. Additional information is also available on our web site at Press Enter to continue.
4. The next screen prompts you to choose an installation method. If you choose Automatic, the installation process will check your hard drive, determine the hard drive space available, and create and mount the necessary partitions for you. Note: It will remove any existing Linux partitions and replace them with LuteLinux. (If you choose Automatic, skip to Step 7)
If you choose Manual, you should have some previous experience with creating partitions and setting mount points. Select Automatic or Manual and press the Enter key.
5. This screen displays the hard drives LuteLinux has detected in your system. You have the choice of selecting fdisk or cfdisk to create your partitions. Cfdisk is a menu-based program while fdisk is command-based. Selecting either one of these options will run another program that you must then quit to return back to the installation program.
6. The installer will display the results of your selections on the screen. If this is a new install, you will want to format all of the partitions. Formatting erases any data currently on the partitions.
Select each of the created partitions and press the Enter key. The Partition Details window is displayed. Enter the mount point, select the format option and select OK to return to the main screen.
Note: A partition mounted to root (/root) is required. When you have set the mount points and determined the format options for each of the partitions, move to the Continue button and press the Enter key.
7. The installer will mount the partitions and copy the files from the CD-ROM to your hard drive.
8. You will then be prompted to insert the boot disk into the floppy drive. Place the boot disk in the floppy drive and press Enter. This will copy the Linux kernel to your hard drive. When it has finished you will see a screen displaying the options for setting up LILO.
9. You will be asked if you want to copy LILO (LInux LOader) to the Master Boot Record (MBR) on your system or whether you want to boot from a floppy disk. A floppy disk install is safer, but will always require you to boot from the floppy drive.
Select MBR and press the Enter key (unless you always want to boot to LuteLinux from your boot floppy disk.
10. You will see a goodbye screen thanking you for installing LuteLinux with some additional instructions. Remove any floppy and CD-ROM disks and press Enter. Your computer should re-boot. If your computer does not re-boot within two minutes, press CTRL+ALT+DEL.
Congratulations! You have installed the LuteLinux software. The next step is to configure X.

Configuring the X Window System

1. When the computer has re-booted, it will return to the prompt. Type root and press the Enter key to login. Type XF86Setup (exactly as shown) and press the Enter key. (Don’t forget to capitalize X, F and S).
2. You will see a screen prompting you to change to graphics mode. Press the Enter key.
3. The XFree86 Project, Inc. screen is displayed. You will see a series of buttons across the top of the window titled: Mouse, Keyboard, Card, Monitor, Modeselection, and Other. You will also see 3 buttons across the bottom of the window, Abort, Done, and Help. Each one of these buttons can be accessed without the mouse by holding down the Alt key and pressing the underlined letter of the option you want. Select Mouse.
4. The mouse help screen is displayed. Select Dismiss to return to the main mouse screen. Your mouse should be highlighted. The configuration program will normally automatically detect the type of mouse you are using.
Note: If you are having problems accessing the keyboard, try unplugging the mouse.
You do have the option of selecting the baud rate, 3 button emulation, etc. but most of the time you will default to the selected mouse. Select Keyboard.
5. The keyboard main screen is displayed. You can change the Model, Layout, or Variant by moving the down arrow key beside the option and selecting the option you want. Most computers will default to the generic 101-key, US English keyboard. Make your choice and select the Card button.
6. A list of video card types will be displayed. If you don’t know what kind of video card you have, select Generic VGA compatible. When you select the video card, the selection will change to a grey font and it will appear raised. Select Monitor.
7. The monitor main screen will be displayed. If you know the Horizontal and Vertical sync rates, type them in the text boxes. (For example, 30-60). These specifications are normally found in the monitor specification manual. Note: Choosing the wrong monitor can cause problems. If you are in doubt, check with the dealer you purchased the monitor from. Click the Modeselection button.
8. The configuration program will display a series of resolution options. Select all the options you may want to use (you can choose more than 1), if you want to delete a choice, click on it to turn the choice off. Select the default color depth you want to use from the buttons on the bottom of the window.
9. When you have finished, select the Done button.
10. This is a confirmation screen. A message will be displayed stating that “If you’ve finished configuring everything, press the Okay button to start the X server using the configuration you’ve selected.” If the settings aren’t right, click the button of the option you want to change, change the option, and click the Done button again. The configuration will display an “Attempting to start server” message and will display another window prompting you to Save the configuration and exit, Change the configuration, or Run Xvidtune. If you are satisfied with the configuration, save it to /etc/XF86Config (You will probably have to change the file name in the text box) and click the Save the configuration and exit option. To start the X Window System, type startx at the prompt. The X window system will be displayed.

Congratulations! You have just configured your X Window System!

Look in the open window and click the readme.html file icon for further setup.

Configuring the X Window System For Internet Access

This program is designed to configure your computer for a modem or for LAN access from within your X Window System. When X is started, it automatically loads a Desktop manager called KDE. (K Desktop Environment). Kppp is used to access the Internet either by dialing your ISP or by accessing the Internet through a Local Area Network.

To configure any device you must be logged in as root. Login as root and start the X Window System by typing startx and pressing the Enter key.

Click on the K button in the bottom left corner of the screen. A menu is displayed. Select Internet, Kppp. The first time Kppp is started, A “Recent Changes” window is displayed. Select “Don’t show me this Window next time and select OK.

Kppp displays the following window.

Select Setup. Kppp displays the following window.

Select the Modem tab and choose the Modem/Device. Usually this value is /dev/modem, but if this setting does not work, select from the following table.

Modem in Linux Modem in DOS/Windows

/dev/ttyS0 COM1

/dev/ttyS1 COM2

/dev/ttyS2 COM3

/dev/ttyS3 COM4

If you know the for Flow Control and Line termination fields, enter the correct data or leave the default values.

Please check your modem connection speed. For e.g., for a 56 Kbps modem 115200 will work.

Leave the rest of the settings as default.
Configuring Kpp for dial-up access

Select the Accounts tab, and click on the New button

Type in a name for the Internet connection. You should use an informative name such as Connection to Internet or Internet. In the phone number field, type in your ISP’s phone number. Refer to your ISP about the authentication they use, the default is PAP. If you are not connected to a network, click the OK button.

Configuring Kppp for Network access

Select the IP tab and click in the Static IP Address box. Enter your computer’s IP address and the subnet mask. Consult your network administrator if you do not

know the IP address. Select the DNS tab.

The next screen is your DNS Settings. Check with your network administrator for

details regarding your DNS settings. Click on the Gateway tab and enter the settings for the Gateway.

The other options such as login script, and accounting are setup by default. Click OK.

An account setup screen will be displayed with the name of your account shown in the Account Setup screen.

Click OK.
A window displays a field for your connection name and your Login ID and password. (The Login ID is your User Name). Click on the Connect key to connect to your ISP. If you are using dial-up, after the connection has taken place, Kppp will notify you that it has connected. You can now minimize Kpp and start Netscape to go on the net.

If you are using a network to connect to the Internet, Netscape Communicator will launch your connection to the Internet.

Configuring Your Lute Linux Computer For a Network

Re-boot your computer (CTRL+ALT+DEL),at the prompt type root, and press the Enter key.

At the prompt, type:netconfig. This will start a program and display the Network Configuration screen.

Press Enter to begin the configuration

The next screen asks you what name do you want to give to your computer. (If you are on a network, please contact your network administrator to get this name)

For example: lutelinux1. Enter the computer name and select OK.

The program ask you for a domain name (If you are on a network, please contact your network administrator to get this name

For example, lutelinux Enter the domain name and select OK.

You are prompted to select a protocol to connect to the network. If you have constant access to the Internet through a Local Area Network (LAN) select Static IP. If you require dial-up access to the Internet through a network, select DHCP.

Select OK to continue.

A Network Setup Complete screen is displayed. Select OK to continue and the window disappears. You are now returned to the prompt. Press CTRL+ALT+DEL to re-boot your computer.

Configuring PPP Setup

This procedure is designed to configure LuteLinux for your modem for dial-up access to the Internet. If you require additional information, please view our web site at or e-mail us at

If you are in the X Window System, select File, Exit. Re-boot the computer. (CTRL+ALT+DEL).

At the prompt, type root and press the Enter key.

At the prompt, type in: pppsetup and press the Enter key

This will start the program and display the start-up screen

Select Enter after reading the message.

The program then asks you for the telephone number for your Internet Service Provider (ISP).

The format usually is ATDT555-5555 (At Tone Dial Tone – Choose this option as almost all phones now use tone dialing). Substitute your ISP phone number for 555-5555 and select OK to continue.

The program now asks promts you for your COM port. By default most modems are connected to COM2. {Note: LuteLinux currently does not support Winmodems}.

Select the appropriate COM port and select OK.

The program now prompts you to enter your modem speed.

Please refer to your modem manual for this information, also if you know what your modem speed is you can choose this option. For example, if your modem is a 56 Kbs modem, you should choose 115200. Select OK to continue.
The program now asks you if you wish to use CALLBACK. By default it is set to no, and you probably don’t need this option. If you are not sure, call your ISP and ask them if they use the call back feature. Select OK to continue.

The program now asks you you wish to use a specific string to initialize the modem. Refer to your modem documentation for help, or just Enter for the default.

The program now asks you your ISP’s domain name. For more information, please contact your ISP. Key in your ISP’s domain name and select OK.
The program now asks for your ISP’s DNS Server. If you do not know this, please

contact your ISP. Key in the ISP’s DNS server and select OK.
The next screen asks you to choose the authentication method you wish to use for dial-up. Refer to your ISP if you need additional information. Choose one of the options

and select OK.

The program now asks you to key in your username.

Type in a username and select OK.

Enter your password and select OK.
The configuration for PPP is complete. Select exit to leave the program.

If your modem is connected and you have a dial-up connection, start the X Window System and select Netscape Communicator. You should be able to connect to the Internet.