X is a Graphical User Interface (GUI) that is designed to provide portable GUI applications across multiple platforms.
X is a system designed to take advantage of the protected mode of the 80386 processor. Since the X Window System was originally designed for the Intel 80386 chip, it is also called XFree86. Linux was originally designed for PC’s and will therefore run on any Intel-based computer that is a 80386 or faster. Linux is also available for the SPARC chip, the Motorola 6800 chip (Macintosh), the DEC Alpha chip, and a version is currently under development for Intel’s new 64-bit chip.
X provides the Linux user with a “Windows”® look and feel. There are a number of programs, games, and utilities that have been developed as add-ons to the X Window System. These programs can be compiled with X and Linux to provide an easy-to-use user interface.
X is the graphical user interface that permits the use of a mouse to point and click. Many people choose a desktop manager to work with X. Some popular desktop managers are KDE (K Desktop Environment) and GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment). Both of these desktop managers are competing to be the most popular desktop manager for the X Window System. LuteLinux will be including KDE as the desktop manager with the CD-ROM and web site download distributions.
Note: Never refer to X as X Windows. Call it X or the X Window System. Calling it X Windows sends most Linux enthusiasts into convulsions, paroxysms of laughter, or denial.
X provides the standard for Linux so that programs written for Linux comply with a standard windowing environment. For all of its faults, Windows made working with a computer easier and more acceptable to most users. Windows was based on the look and feel of the Macintosh, which was in turn based on an interface developed at Xerox’s Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). When Windows was first released in 1985, the main comment was that it was good but too slow. There were very few applications that made use of this graphical user interface. When Intel released their 486 chip in 1989, the computer now had enough power and speed to run a GUI. Shortly after the release of the 486, Microsoft released version 3.0 of Windows. When version 3.1 replaced it shortly thereafter, more applications were developed that made use of a mouse and a point-and-click interface. With point and click came usability. When a program is easy to use, it generally gains worldwide acceptance.
LuteLinux is bundled with Netscape Communicator, StarOffice and the Gimp to provide applications that can be used on a Linux workstation. And just so you can have a little fun on a Linux workstation, we are also bundling 15 games. For a complete list of the software included with LuteLinux, visit our web site at www.lutelinux.com.
Note: Since many of the web servers are UNIX-based or Linux-based, capital letters are not used in domain names, web site addresses or e-mail names because capital letters are not recognized. UNIX is case sensitive; and because Linux is UNIX-based, Linux is as well. If you type in an address that includes capital letters and it does not work, try typing the same address in lower-case letters.