X is a Graphical User Interface (GUI) that is designed to provide portable GUI applications across multiple platforms. X is a system designed to take advantage of the protected mode of the 80386 processor. Since the X Window System was originally designed for the Intel 80386 chip, it is also called XFree86. Linux was originally designed for PC’s and will therefore run on any Intel-based computer that is a 80386 or faster. Linux is also available for the SPARC chip, the Motorola 6800 chip (Macintosh), the DEC Alpha chip, and a version is currently under development for Intel’s new 64-bit chip. X provides the Linux user with a “Windows”® look and feel. There are a number of programs, games, and utilities that have been developed as add-ons to the X Window System. These programs can be compiled with X and Linux to provide an easy-to-use user interface. X is the… Read the rest
In 1984, Richard Stallman, a former worker at the MIT Artificial Intelligence lab, founded the GNU project. GNU is a recursive acronym for Gnu’s Not UNIX. Stallman held the belief that ideas should be shared and that proprietary software (software owned and developed by a single company or individual) was unethical, antisocial and immoral. He developed a C compiler called GCC (for GNU C Compiler) and began working on other development and application tools with the idea of building a UNIX-like operating system that was free. He was faced with a moral dilemma; he wanted to provide “free” software but needed to pay the bills. How do you keep something free but make enough money so you can continue your work?